REVIEW OF VALERIAN AND THE CITY OF A THOUSAND PLANETS (2017)
Not many people in the U.S. will know that Luc Besson’s lavish new sci-fi epic, Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets, is actually yet another movie adaptation of a hit comic book. This is mainly because Valerian the comic was never a hit in the U.S., although it’s been one of Europe’s best-loved sci-fi series for nearly 50 years. Want to know more about the history behind the movie, and the universe it inhabits? Here’s everything you need to know about Valerian.
Since it was created by legendary French comic writer Pierre Christin and his lifelong friend artist Jean-Claude Mézières in 1967, Valerian—which has gone through several name changes, from Valerian, Spatio-Temporal Agent, to Valerian and Laureline, to simply Valerian—has been one of the most popular Franco-Belgian comics in Europe. The epic-length series first got printed in the pages of Pilote, a prominent French comics magazine that also featured famous series like Asterix and Blueberry, and ran for 21 volumes before it finally came to an end in 2010.
While attempts to bring the entire series to the U.S. have stalled and failed several times over the last 50 years, the series has made some noticeable influences in Western sci-fi. Although rarely acknowledged officially, it’s long been believed that the series had a major influence on the creation of Star Wars, and more pointedly, Luc Besson’s other sci-fi movie classic, Fifth Element, wears its Valerian influences proudly on its sleeve—but that’s because Mézières actually worked with Besson on the film, while begging him to also bring Valerian to life on the big screen.
Pretty much since it started, Valerian has focused on its two protagonists: 28th-century human Valerian, an Earth-born agent of the Terran Empire’s Spatio-Temporal Service, and Laureline, a peasant from 11th century France who saves Valerian while he’s on a mission and is brought to the 28th Century to be trained as a spatiotemporal agent herself.
That’s right: while it’s not exactly explicit in the first trailer, Valerian and Laureline are actually time travelers. Initially, they work for the Spatio-Temporal Service, going on secret missions through time and space to guard the timeline, but eventually, after the capital of the Terran Empire is mysteriously removed from time and space, they become freelance adventurers, offering their services in an attempt to find Valerian’s lost home.
The movie seems to give Valerian and Laureline a flirtatious partnership, so we don’t get to really see much of the relationship that defined their partnerships in the comic; Laureline, removed from the context of growing up in the Terran Empire, was often the more rebellious of the two, questioning the authority of the Spatio-Temporal Service and their missions, while Valerian, the typical straight-edged hero, was usually loyal to a fault, leading to a few moments of headbutting between the partners in their earlier adventures.
Alpha, the lavish setting of the movie seen throughout the trailer, isn’t actually a setting from the comics, but it appears to be based on Point Central, a recurring location throughout several volumes in the series. Like Alpha, Point Central is a “city of a thousand planets.” Well, more like a space station of a thousand planets.
Built at a crossroad of intergalactic trade in the galaxy, Point Central is home to countless alien races, including representatives of humanity. Each different species that comes to Point Central eventually builds their own environment to attach to the station, tailored to their own biology and homeworld, creating a massive hub of different biospheres and environments. These alien races tend to stick to their own hub of Point Central in the comics, only communicating with other factions on the station through a central meeting area called the Hall of Screens to settle disagreements. Valerin and Laureline traveled to many different sections of Point Central over the course of their comics adventures, and the trailer might give us a few looks at some of the species that call the station home.
The first movie creatures we see are called the Kortan Dahuk, who don’t appear in the comics but have a few similarities to a character called Kistna from Valerin’s 13th volume, On the Frontiers:
These aquatic creatures are the Marmaka, one of the species seen on Point Central in volume six, Ambassador of the Shadows:
While the source material might not be that well known in the U.S. it’s clear from what we’ve seen of Besson’s movie, it’s borrowing quite a lot from Christin and Mézières’ iconic works. So when Valerin and the City of a Thousand Planet hits theaters next year—50 years after Valerian, Spatio-Temporal Agent first came to French magazine shelves—U.S. fans will finally be able to begin to explore one of Europe’s biggest scifi comics ever, and the galaxy of new adventures it contains.